in India has exudes the limit of mere an animals. It is part of historical
royal legacy, religious and mythological importance, and of course an
important ingredient of our age old cultures. It is fully protected, most
revered and well treated animal in India. Mythologically, Indians believe
that it is one of those nine jewels which were recovered after the churning
of sea by Gods and the demons. Elephants has been the prime means of
transportation of kings and royals. They took battles and royal procession
riding on the back of its animals. Elephants in India has a cultural and
religious bonds with the masses.
Species: E. maximus
Subspecies: E. m. indicus
Latin Name: India Elephas
Local Names: Hasti & Gaja (Sanskrit), Haathi &
Haathini (Hindi), Anali (Tamil & Kannada), Ana (Malayalam)
Indian Elephant has very distinctive physical features. An average Indian
male elephant weigh up to 6 tons (5,400 kg) and females about 4 tons (3,600
kg). They are up to 6.4 m (21 feet) long. Only male elephants possess tusks
(large, pointed ivory teeth) and almost hairless, wrinkled, gray-brown skin.
They have They have large size of ears and use them for air themselves in
extreme heat. A long trunk on the front is the most distinctive feature of
elephant. It has two nostrils at the end of their trunk and use it to
breathe, scoop or grasping about any thing. It take waters in the trunk and
showers over his back taking a romantic bath.
Habitat & Diet
Indian elephant is very nomadic in nature. It moves from one place to
another place. The most important place they prefer to live in, include
thick forests with an abundant supply of food and a large amount of shade,
muddy areas in days of summer, scrub-forested areas and open space and grass
Indian Elephant requires to consume around 330 to
350 pounds of food each day and drink 22 to 30 gallons of water. For huge
consumption, they do not depend one kind of food but take diverse kind of
food. Usually their diet include grasses, bamboo, legumes, bark, succulent
climbers, creepers, palms etc. Their seasonal favorites are such as fig
leaves and fruits, tamarind, wood apple and mango.
Spotting the Indian Elephant
is the most revered animal in India. Because of its religious importance and
government protection, it is abundantly found in every part of the country.
Western Ghat in South India, Assam and Orissa in north India are the most
popular sites to spot this largest mammals on the surface of earth. Some
popular wildlife sanctuaries which have large number of elephants are as