Tiger Reserve is one of the best reserves of India located in the Mayurbhanj
district in the Indian state of Orissa. It was originally the hunting ground
of the kings of Mayurbhanj and was designed a tiger reserve in 1956.
Spreading over an area of 2,750 sq km, the reserve occupies wonderful
terrains composed of hills, twelve rivers, numerous waterfalls, dense Sal
forests and a complete eco-system offering a fertile ground to highly
endangered wildlife including tigers and leopards. In side the premise of
the reserve, Santhal tribes of Orissa reside in complete harmony with other
Best Time : November to June
Wildlife Species in the Park
Entry Fee : Rs 100 (foreigners) and Rs 5 (Indians)
core area of Simlipal Tiger Reserve is based on the riparian zones,
perennial streams and meadows. The reserve is densely decorated with mixed
vegetation of Northern tropical semi-evergreen forests, Northern tropical
moist deciduous forests, dry deciduous hill forests and high-level Sal
forests. It has around 501 plant species belonging to 102 families, 82
species of them are the major floral attractions.
Almost all tourist come here to observe tiger which lazily walk in the
reserve in broad day light. Forest authorities have confirmed that the
reserve has more 100 tigers and leopard in large number. Some other animals
which can be frequently seen in the park are sambhars, langurs, barking and
spotted deer, chitals, chevrotains, wild dog, wild boar, sloth bears,
monkeys, hyenas, porcupines, gaur, elephant and the 'four-horned' antelope.
It has also a variety of species which include snakes, turtles, crocodiles
There are around 12 rivers which falls in the Bay of Bengal. These rivers
are the popular hangouts of exotic varieties of migratory and native birds.
The reserve has around 230 bird species. Some important birds in the park
are red jungle fowl, alexandrine parakeet, crested serpent eagle, grey
hornbill, indian pied hornbill, malabar pied hornbill, indian trogon hill
mynah, peafowl etc.
What else to see and do?
Travel (Air/Rail/Road) Information
- The reserve is an ideal place for Photographers. The rivers and
waterfalls are the most ideal place to capture them in your camera.
- Tiger Safari is the main attraction for tourists. Confirm your tiger
safari with the help of tour operator and your guide.
- Inside the park, Santhal tribes reside and offers you lots to
explore mysteries about tribal communities and their culture.
- The Santhal tribes celebrate feast and dance during January. Attend
the festival and enjoy a pre-communal charm. But do not forget to inform
reserve authorities in advance.
The Simlipal National Park in Mayurbhanj district well connected with all
major cities of India by N.H. 5 and N.H. 6 at Baripada (17 km ). The nearest
airport is in Kolkata, West Bengal ( 240 km) and Bhubaneswar (270 km) and
both offer regular air service to Delhi and other cities of India. Nearest
town Baripada is the main railhead.
All categories of hotels and resorts are available at Chahala which is
located 85 km from Baripada.
Average accommodation and dining facilities are also provided within the
reserve at tourist lodges. Some more hotels and bungalows can be accessed at
Barehapani, Newana, Joranda, Joshipur and Gudgudia, all of them are managed
by the forest department.